The Importance of UV and Infrared Light for Growing

The Importance of UV and Infrared Light for Growing

 

Many people are familiar with the different colors of the light spectrum that are optimal for growing during the different stages of plant development.  In an earlier blog entry, I discussed how white light was optimal for seed and clone development, violet/blue light (400-500nm) was vital for the vegetation stage, and orange/red light (600-700nm) was vital for the flowering stage.

 

Many of the spectrum wavelength ranges I mention above are visible to the human eye, but plants require wavelengths above and below the visual spectrum of light that includes ultraviolet (<400nm) and far-red/infrared (>700nm).

 

Ultraviolet Light (UV)

Ultraviolet light is comprised of three different wavelength ranges of light.  UVC (200-280nm) has the shortest wavelength and most energy, but is potentially the most stressful to plants and human skin causing sunburn and can be very damaging to human eyes.   Fortunately, for humans and plants atmospheric absorption eliminates the majority of UVC shortwave light.

 

UVB (280-315nm) has a short wavelength, high energy and also causes sunburn in humans and plants.  UVB is known to damage protein and nucleic acids in plant cells, causing decreased metabolism and decreased number of flowers. UVB can have positive effects for plants as well.   Cannabis responds to the stress and sunburn from UVB wavelengths, by creating it’s own sunscreen in the form of trichomes.   The more trichome production the higher the THC, CBN and CBD levels.

 

ReptiSun Reptile Fluorescent T5H0 Lamp

 

Exposure to UVB radiation is also known to reduce a plants biomass, plant height and leaf area, but increase leaf thickness, terpene and resin production.  Cannabis cultivators who’s main goal is to boost the amount of fragrant enhancing terpenes and oils for edible, tincture or waxes, rather than focus on high yields may choose lighting such as Metal Halide that provides some level of UVB radiation or supplement their current lighting with UVB reptile lights.

 

Cannabis Oil

 

Finally, UVA and near ultraviolet light (315-400nm) has the longest wavelengths of UV light and can be very beneficial to plant development.  UVA has also been shown to increase the amounts of THC, CBD, and terpene production in cannabis plants, without the negative effects of UVB.  Wavelengths in the UVA spectral range are included in the absorption spectrum, particularly in the 380nm range.  The absorption spectrum is the range of wavelengths of light that are absorbed by green chlorophyll for photosynthesis.  Additionally, research has shown that exposing plants to UVA light can also inhibit mold growth and fungal development.

 

Far-Red and Infrared Light

On the far end of the spectrum  (>700nm) you find far-red and infrared wavelengths of light.  Far-red and infrared light have very long wavelengths, and very little energy.  Infrared wavelengths are not visible to the human eye and only can be felt as heat.  We know that blue and red light is optimal for plant development, but research conducted in 1957 has shown that combining blue light and red light with far-red/infrared light (700-760nm), led to an increased rate of photosynthesis due to the Emerson effect.  The protein Phytochrome is the only known receptor that is sensitive to far-red/infrared wavelengths.  Plants use Phytrochrome to regulate when a plants is to switch from vegetation state to flowering, and the time of flowering, due to the length of daylight or exposure to artificial light.

 

The appropriate amounts of far-red and infrared light can also be a very effective at promoting robust stem growth, proper node spacing, and more flowers and fruit.  Too much IR radiation can also be an issue because to plant the majority of IR radiation is felt as heat.  Growers who use traditional 1000W HPS lighting, which produces excess heat through IR radiation, have to install and operate expensive HVAC systems to mitigate the heat.  Too much IR radiation can cause plants to stretch spreading out the plant nodes, can discolor the leaves or even kill the plants.  Choosing a light with the right appropriate amount of far-red and infrared light is key for healthy and natural plant growth.

 

Platinum LED combines intense and efficient PAR output, with a targeted spectrum that include UVA and far-red/IR light. Platinum LEDs include UBA diodes in the 380nm spectral range that is known to promote robust yields for most plant types, and high terpene, THC, and CBD production for cannabis plants.  It also provides far-red/c IR in the 760 nm range that is ideal for robust stem growth, proper nodes spacing, more flowers and fruit.  The success that our customers have achieved, leads us to believe that this combination gives you the most prolific and healthy plants, that flower more often, with larger more bountiful blooms.